State Statutes Regulating Pet Breeding                                    © The Animal Council 2013-2020
We are launching this page in April, 2013, to have an immediately available reference for state breeding regulation organized in
the ways we analyze, compare and discuss the underlying issues.  With this information, more details can be researched quickly
and updates added as appropriate.  Thirty (30) states, so far, meet our criteria.*   

When was the statute enacted?  This is not always obvious, but there are definite patterns or "styles"  at different historical
periods.  Are only dogs included or are cats, as well?  Sometimes, states only had "Dog Laws"; sometimes the "and cats effect"
took hold.   However, only a small, single-digit percentage of the cat population is intentionally bred by pedigreed cat fanciers.  
Because the husbandry of cat breeding and demand for pedigreed kittens is very different from dog breeding, applying the same
legal provisions can have different impact on cat breeders.  (Note: the overall cat population comes not from breeders but from
owned or loosely owned or feral cats in communities that are neither sterilized nor securely contained to prevent breeding.)  
Next, we must know the threshold of breeding or related activity required for inclusion in the statutory scheme.  These range
from breeding for the trade, a business model that limits costs and risks, to very small scale, personal breeding with many
variations in between.  Is a license required at all, at the state level or is there a local government mandate for issuing licenses
or other enforcement work?  Is there a state regulatory agency that will promulgate rules in addition to the statute?  What kind of
personnel and resources would it have to administer the licensing program?  Is there an advisory group provided in the
statute?  Typically, breeding regulation includes requirements for care and facilities, with or without licensing, and either by
statute or regulation or both.  

A recent trend, limited to dogs is capping the number of breeding females allowed, period, although the female limits were not
enacted.  However, Louisiana and Virginia did enact caps on the numbers of "breeding" dogs possessed.  Every year, some
additional states are in legislative play.  Some states have serially rejected bills, but others have succumbed quickly with little or
no showing of actual breeding activity.  This table includes only enacted laws, not legislation.  The laws fall roughly into these
three categories:
 

  •  State Licensing: Dogs only or Dogs and Cats with administrative regulation and enforcement
  •  State Mandate of Local Licensing subject to state requirements
  •  State Mandate by Statute Only without licensing  

Note:  This topic includes breeding only, including other consequential provisions.


NEW  April 3, 2013        Link revisions, NY, 3/29/2020. General revisions made periodically, 3/6/20 add links to PA statute.  2/3/2020 OK statute title. 1/26/2020,
Colorado, update. 12/31/19 Revise NH, HB4; clarify OK definitions. 12/14/19
  Revise Oregon entry 8/4/19.  Updated 6/27/2019, 3rd paragraph above regarding caps.
Updated 4/11/19, Maryland, Kennel Licenses for Breeders (see threshold;) Updated 3/10/2019, 3/9/19, add link to Georgia Ag; 1/25/2019  New Hampshire 2017
statutory changes (Threshold), Administration, notes

Omissions, bad links? Contact us at theanimalcouncil@aol.com                                                        
STATE, CITATION
SPECIES
THRESHOLD
LICENSE
ADMINISTRATION
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
Enacted 2008
D.C. Code § 8-1821.01  
Animals
For the purposes of this section, the
term "commercial animal breeder"
means any person, firm, organization,
or corporation engaged in the
operation of breeding and raising
more than 25 animals per year for
sale or in return for consideration.
YES
Standards for the care and
management of animals; and Facility
inspection requirements.

Mayor to establish requirements.  
CALIFORNIA
1991
amended 2001

Note, CA Health & Safety Code
reorganization, 1995 SB 1360 did not
change substantive provisions of
1991 legislation enacting these
statutes.

CA HLTH & S §§ 122045 -
122315
DOGS ONLY









DOGS, CATS
 
Polanco-Lockyer Pet Breeder Warranty
Act, applies only to dogs sold,
transferred, or given away all or part of
three or more litters or 20 or more
dogs during the preceding 12 months
that were bred and reared on the
premises.  2001 AB 161 lowered from
50 dogs/calendar year, never
amended in the exclusion from:

Lockyer-Polanco-Farr Pet Protection
Act "pet dealer" means a person
engaging in the business of selling
dogs or cats, or both, at retail, and by
virtue of the sales of dogs and cats is
required to have Seller Permit to
collect sales tax, but excludes 1 litter
and see above.  Aimed at pet stores
but does include other sellers.  (Note,
conflicting, problematic issues with
this statute beyond scope of this
listing.
NO
These 2 statutes are consumer
protection, disclosure and warranty
laws that contain some modest care
and facilities requirements and apply
only to those meeting thresholds.  
Violations are civil and must be
prosecuted locally.

Polanco-Lockyer care and conditions
provisions, DOGS only.

Lockyer-Polanco-Farr Pet Protection
Act care and conditions provisions,
DOGS and CATS  
COLORADO
1994

CO ST § 35-80-101 to 17

2014
HB 1270 extended sunset
date to 9/1/2019
with amendments.
Revised Rules adopted.  

2019
SB 158 extended the
sunset date to 9/1/2026
with amendments. Revised
Rules adopted, effective
10/30/2019
            
ANIMALS
DOGS, CATS,
BIRDS, SMALL
ANIMALS
8 CCR 1202-15

1.10.8. “Dog breeder facility” means
any firm, person, or corporation that is
engaged in the operation of breeding
and raising dogs and that produces
more than two litters of puppies or
transfers more than 24 dogs per 12-
month period.  

1.10.6. “Cat breeder facility” means
any firm, person, or corporation that is
engaged in the operation of breeding
and raising cats and that produces
more than three litters of kittens or
transfers more than 24 cats per 12-
month period.
YES
8 CO ADC 1201-11 - 25
Colorado Department of Agriculture,
Animal Industry Division, Pet Animal
Care and Facilities Act (PACFA)
program includes Pet Animal Advisory
Committee per statute.
Program Info  

2013 Sunset Review

2018 Sunset Review Pet Animal Care
and Facilities Act

RULES PERTAINING TO THE
ADMINISTRATION AND
ENFORCEMENT OF THE PET ANIMAL
CARE AND FACILITIES ACT, reflecting
2018 Sunset Review and 2019, SB158
8 CCR 1202-15
CONNECTICUT

CT ST § 22-327 -
§ 22-367a; CT ST
§ 26-107

6/3/2014 Governor signed
PA
14-77—sSB 445 -  Summary  
Law is effective 10/1/2014  
DOGS ONLY  

CATS added 2014,
standards of care
only if a "breeding
cattery"  
  
If a town requires the licensure of
persons keeping ten or more
unneutered or unspayed dogs
capable of breeding
, such persons
shall apply to the clerk of the town in
which such dogs are located for a
license.

PREVIOUS:  Owner or keeper of a
kennel who breeds more than two
litters of dogs annually shall apply to
the town clerk in the town in which
such kennel is located for a kennel
licens
e

Also: § 22-344c. Licensure of breeding
facilities by towns.  If a town requires
the licensure of persons keeping ten
or more unneutered or unspayed dogs
capable of breeding, such persons
shall apply to the clerk of the town in
which such dogs are located for a
license (separate from actual
breeding.)
 1991
YES
Local government takes application
but State Commissioner of Agriculture
has jurisdiction over Animal Control
(top down model)  and issues license
(includes local zoning compliance).  
State statute, violation is class B
misdemeanor
Regulations of Connecticut State
Agencies. Title 22. Agriculture.
Department of Agriculture (16).
Operations and Maintenance of
Commercial Kennels
(1970)
facility conditions.  CT ADC § 22-344-1
- 15

Not later than December 31, 2014,
the Commissioner of Agriculture shall
prescribe the
standard of care to be
provided to dogs or cats
, as
applicable,
by any person who: (1)
Keeps ten or more unneutered or
unspayed dogs capable of breeding
,
or (2)
owns or operates a breeding
cattery.
Such standard of care shall
be consistent with the standard of care
to be provided by an animal importer,
as prescribed pursuant to subdivision
(6) of subsection (e) of section 22-344.
CT eRegulation system     new 7/17/15
DELAWARE
2009

Delaware Code Annotated, Title
9. Counties. Part I. Provisions
Affecting All Counties. Chapter
9. Dogs. Subchapter I.
9 Del.C. § 901 - 919
DOGS  
“Retail dog outlet” shall mean any
premises where dogs are sold, or
offered or maintained for sale, on a
retail basis. The term
shall not include:
a. Dogs which are produced and
raised on such premises and are
sold, offered or maintained for sale, by
a
person who resides on such
premises;
b. The selling of a single litter of
puppies or any part thereof during a

calendar year
; or
c. Any publicly operated or private,
charitable or nonprofit animal shelter,
pound, humane society, or animal
rescue organization.
YES
Statute mandates counties
administer:  
Retail dog outlet licenses
§ 904. Specifications for the humane
handling, care and treatment of dogs

(Includes kennel licenses when
issued:  Any person who maintains a
kennel wherein more than 4 dogs are
kept for show, trial, sale, breeding or
other purposes may apply to the
county in which the kennel owner
resides or its duly authorized agents
on a form prescribed by the county for
a kennel license in lieu of an individual
dog owner license for each dog.)
GEORGIA

O.C.G.A. TITLE 4 Chapter 11
DOGS, CATS
MORE
Pet Dealer: anyone who sells, offers to
sell, or exchanges, or offers for
adoption dogs, cats, fish, reptiles, or
other animals customarily obtained as
pets in this state.  More than 1 litter in
a twelve month period, required to
obtain a pet dealer's license. (Statute
is 30 but Commissioner has authority
to reduce numbers.)  
YES
Georgia Animal Protection Act is
administered under regulations:
CHAPTER 40-13-13, ANIMAL
PROTECTION
Licensing, inspection, care and
conditions requirements.  
More info.
3/19

Note: No consumer protection law in
GA.
Historical Reference: Dept of AG
Response to Comment re 1998
Rulemaking, Feb 1999  
ILLINOIS  

(225 ILCS 605/) Animal Welfare
Act.
DOGS, CATS
"A person who owns, has possession
of, or harbors 5 or less females
capable of reproduction shall NOT" be
considered a kennel/cattery operator.  
Otherwise, license is required if
person "sells, offers to sell, exchange,
or offers for adoption with or without
charge dogs or dogs and cats which
he has produced and raised"
YES
Illinois Department of Agriculture,
Bureau of Animal Welfare
administers and enforces
licensing.  
TITLE 8: AGRICULTURE AND ANIMALS  
CHAPTER I: DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURE
SUBCHAPTER b: ANIMALS AND ANIMAL
PRODUCTS (EXCEPT MEAT AND
POULTRY INSPECTION ACT
REGULATIONS) PART 25 ANIMAL
WELFARE ACT
INDIANA
2009
Effective 1/1/10

IN ST 15-21-1-1 to 15-21-7-1
Indiana Code. Title 15.
Agriculture and Animals. Article
21. Commercial Dog Breeder
Regulation  
DOGS ONLY
maintains more than twenty (20)
unaltered female dogs that are at least
twelve (12) months of age regardless
of ownership, or moving dogs to other
premises. (Commercial Broker if
selling at least 500 dogs/puppies
annually)
YES
345 IN ADC 14-1-1 - 4
Indiana State Board of Animal Health.  
Must "register" to license.
Annual fee depends on Number of
Unaltered Female Dogs at Least 12
Months of Age.  
Information   new
3/2018
Standards of care follow APHIS
9 CFR 3.1 to 3.12.
(No advisory body provided)
FAQs about Commercial Breeding of
Dogs    
IOWA
1974

(AWA model)

IA ST § 162.1 - 25
DOGS, CATS
“Commercial breeder” means a
person, engaged in the business of
breeding dogs or cats, who sells,
exchanges, or leases dogs or cats in
return for consideration, or who offers
to do so, whether or not the animals
are raised, trained, groomed, or
boarded by the person. A person who
owns or harbors three or fewer
breeding males or females is not a
commercial breeder. However, a
person who breeds any number of
breeding male or female greyhounds
for the purposes of using them for pari-
mutuel wagering at a racetrack as
provided in chapter 99D shall be
considered a commercial breeder
irrespective of whether the person
sells, leases, or exchanges the
greyhounds for consideration or offers
to do so.
By Regulation, special definition:67.2
(3) In-home kennel.
a. For the purposes of this subrule, “in-
home kennel” means an individual
required to be licensed as a boarding
kennel or as a commercial breeder
under Iowa Code chapter 162 who
maintains or harbors not more than
six adult animals (including both
breeding animals and surgically
sterilized animals) in the individual's
living quarters.
YES
Must be licensed under 162.2(A)
Department of Agriculture and Land
Stewardship  
Iowa Administrative Code. Agency 21
Agriculture and Land Stewardship
Department. Chapter 67 Animal
Welfare.

21-67.1(162) Animals included in
rules.

Dog, as that term is used in the rules,
includes hybrid dog mixtures. Animals,
as that term is used in rules relating to
boarding kennels, commercial
kennels, hobby kennels, commercial
breeders, dealers, public auctions,
animal shelters, and pounds includes
dogs and cats. Animals, as that term
is used in rules relating to pet shops,
includes dogs, cats, rabbits, rodents,
nonhuman primates, birds, fish, or
other vertebrate animals.
KANSAS
1988

KS ST 47-1701 - 1737

Article 17.- PET ANIMAL ACT

2018 HB 2477  Amends KS-ST
47 (fees, inspections, license
year)

Kansas Statutes Updated 2019
ANIMALS
(DOGS/CATS)
“Animal breeder premises” means
any premises where all or part of
six
or more litters of dogs or cats, or
both, or 30 or more dogs or cats, or
both, are sold, or offered
or
maintained for sale, primarily at
wholesale for resale to another.

"Retail breeder premises" means any
premises where all or part of
six or
more litters or 30 or more dogs or
cats, or both, are sold, or offered
or
maintained for sale, primarily at retail
and not for resale to another.

“Hobby breeder premises” means any
premises where all or part of
3, 4 or 5
litters of dogs or cats, or both
, are
produced for sale or sold, offered or
maintained for sale
per license year.
This provision applies
only if the total
number of dogs or cats
, or both, sold,
offered or maintained for sale
is less
than 30 individual animals.
YES
K.A.R. 9-18-1 - 3
Kansas Administrative Regulations.
Agency 9. Kansas Animal Health
Department Article 18. Animal Facility
Inspection Program-License and
Registration Fees

Department of Agriculture, Animal
Health Division
47-1725a. Kansas pet animal advisory
board; duties and powers

Animal Facilities Inspection
Program     
LOUISIANA
2010


Acts 2008, No. 894, §1
Acts 2010, No. 92, §1.
(2010 HB313  by
Representative Gary L. Smith,
Jr.)

Revised Statutes
3:2772

Reference revised 12/24/14
DOGS
ONLY

CAP: NO
MORE THAN 75 > 1
YR FOR BREEDING
Any individual or business with five or
more dogs and who breeds and sells
dogs retail, wholesale, or to the public
is required to procure a kennel license
and pay a kennel license fee in lieu of
the individual dog licenses and
license fees provided for herein. The
governing body of each municipality or
parish may, by ordinance, fix the sum
to be paid annually for the kennel
license fee, which sum shall be
dedicated solely for animal
impoundment facilities and be a
minimum ... (fee scale minimums in
statute)
No individual or business that breeds,
buys, or sells dogs retail, wholesale,
or to the public shall maintain more
than seventy-five dogs over the age of
one year at any time for breeding
purposes.
YES
Local government
MAINE
1991

7 M.R.S.A. § 3931-A, ME ST T.7
§ 3931-A
DOGS, CATS
The term “kennel” means one pack or
collection of dogs kept in a single
location under one ownership for
breeding, hunting, show, training, field
trials and exhibition purposes. The
sale or exchange of one litter of
puppies within a twelve month period
shall not be considered a kennel.
Breeding kennel. “Breeding kennel”
means a location where
5 or more
adult female
dogs or cats capable of
breeding are kept
and some or all of
the
offspring are offered for sale, sold
or exchanged for value or a location
where
more than 16 dogs or cats
raised on the premises are sold to
the public in a 12-month period
.
“Breeding kennel” does not include a
kennel licensed by a municipality
under section 3923-C when the dogs
are kept primarily for hunting, show,
training, sledding, competition, field
trials or exhibition purposes and not
more than 16 dogs are offered for
sale, sold or exchanged for value
within a 12-month period.
YES
01-001 CMR Ch. 701, § I - IV
Department of Agriculture, Food and
Rural Resources licenses "kennels"
as defined, §3923-C. Kennel license,
different from
§ 3931-A. Breeding kennels





§3906-C. Animal Welfare Advisory
Council: advise the commissioner on
matters pertaining to animal welfare.  
14 members appointed by the
Governor, designated seats
MARYLAND

MD CRIM LAW
§ 10-601 - 625;


Revised 3/3/2017
§
13-108. Kennel licenses for
breeders, Formerly cited as MD
CODE, Art. 24, § 11-501
(enacted 2011)

updated 4/11/19
DOGS ONLY
10-616. Kennel inspection:  Authority
to inspect kennels to determine if
dogs are being treated inhumanely in
violation of this subtitle or other law, an
authorized director of a humane
society, accompanied by a sheriff or a
deputy sheriff, may inspect a
premises:  
(i) where a person is engaged in the
business of buying, selling, trading, or
breeding dogs; or  
(ii) of a kennel where 25 or more dogs
are kept.
§ 13-108. Kennel licenses for
breeders
, required if:
(1) owns or has
custody of 6 or more
unspayed female dogs over the age
of 6 months kept for the purpose of
breeding the dogs and selling their
offspring
; or
(2) sells dogs from six or more litters
in a year.
NO
Local government; In Baltimore
City, the Baltimore City Health
Department; Baltimore County,
the Baltimore County Department
of Health, Division of Animal
Control or an organization that
the Baltimore County
government approves  

Note § 13-108 applies statewide
MASSACHUSSETS

MA ST 140 § 136A - § 175
DOGS ONLY
“Commercial breeder kennel”, an
establishment, other than a personal
kennel, engaged in the business of
breeding animals for sale or exchange
to wholesalers, brokers or pet shops
in return for consideration.
“Personal kennel”, a pack or collection
of more than 4 dogs, 3 months old or
older, owned or kept under single
ownership, for private personal use;
provided, however, that breeding of
personally owned dogs may take
place for the purpose of improving,
exhibiting or showing the breed or for
use in legal sporting activity or for
other personal reasons; provided
further, that selling, trading, bartering
or distributing such breeding from a
personal kennel shall be to other
breeders or individuals by private sale
only and not to wholesalers, brokers
or pet shops; provided further, that a
personal kennel shall not sell, trade,
barter or distribute a dog not bred from
its personally-owned dog; and
provided further, that dogs temporarily
housed at a personal kennel, in
conjunction with an animal shelter or
rescue registered with the department,
may be sold, traded, bartered or
distributed if the transfer is not for
profit.
YES
Local Government
MICHIGAN   
Act No. 392
Public Acts of 2016
Effective March 29, 2017
DOGS  
“Large-scale dog breeding kennel”
means a facility where more than 15
female intact dogs over the age of 4
months are housed or kept for the
primary purpose of breeding. As used
in this subdivision, “housed or kept for
the primary purpose of breeding”
means that the female dog has
previously been bred and whelped. A
female dog that has not previously
produced offspring shall not be
considered to have been housed or
kept for the primary purpose of
breeding.
YES
State Department of Agriculture and
Rural Development to promulgate
rules.
A person shall not operate a
large-scale dog breeding kennel
unless the large-scale dog breeding
kennel is registered with the
department. The department shall
charge an annual fee of $500.00 per
registration of a large-scale dog
breeding kennel.
Dept Reporting Duties until 9/30/19
Large-Scale Dog Breeder Provisions
MINNESOTA
2014
Adds to Minnesota Statutes
Chapter 347 (Dogs and Cats)

Effective July 1, 2014
DOGS, CATS  
A "commercial breeder" is defined "as
a person who possesses or has an
ownership interest in animals and is
engaged in the business of breeding
animals for sale or for exchange in
return for consideration, and who
possesses ten or more adult intact
animals
and whose animals produce
more than five total litters of puppies
or kittens a year
."
YES
Beginning July 1, 2015
Minnesota Board of Animal Health
•        Licenses for each facility
owned/operated  renewed &approved
by Board by July 1 annually: annual
license fee is $10 per adult intact
animal, not to exceed $250.
•        prominently display their license
number at facility and in ads.
•        Revocation: no reapplication for 2
yrs; 2 revocations OR suspensions,
permanent bar.  
Comply with standards of care.  Lic.
funds to Dog and Cat Breeders
Licensing Account for administration.
Board to maintain brdr list on website.
MISSOURI
1992

L. 1992 S.B. 636 § 1
Animal Care Facilities Act
ANIMALS

NOTE: 2010 Ballot
initiative capped
the number of dogs
that any person
could have for
breeding purposes
to 50.  DELETED
by legislation in
2011.  
"Commercial breeder", a person,
other than a hobby or show breeder,
engaged in the business of breeding
animals for sale or for exchange in
return for a consideration, and who
harbors
more than three intact
females for the primary purpose of
breeding animals for sale
"Hobby or show breeder", a
noncommercial breeder who breeds
dogs or cats with the primary purpose
of exhibiting or showing dogs or cats,
improving the breed or selling the
dogs or cats, and having no more than
ten intact females. Such breeder shall
be classified as a hobby or show
breeder if such person only sells
animals to other breeders or to
individuals

NOTE: Parallel AWA, APHIS regs
YES
State Department of Agriculture
2 Mo. Code of State Regulations
30-9.010 - 9.030

273.352. Advisory committee,
appointment, qualifications--duties to
assist in establishing rules--not to
receive compensation or
expenses--promulgation of
rules--rules invalid, when
There is hereby established an
advisory committee to assist the
director in establishing rules under
sections 273.350 and 273.352 and to
provide ongoing review of the
administration of sections 273.325 to
273.357. The members of the advisory
committee shall receive no
compensation or reimbursement for
their expenses incurred in the
performance of their duties. The
advisory committee shall consist of
thirteen persons appointed by the
director as follows:
NEBRASKA
Amended 2010

NE ST § 14-102; § 15-218 -
220; § 16-206; 16-235; §
17-526, 17-547; § 25-21,236; §
37-525; § 37-705; § 54-601 -
616; § 54-617 - 624; § 54-625 -
650; § 71-4401 - 4412
DOGS, CATS
Commercial breeder means any one
of the following:
•A person who sells, exchanges,
leases, or in any way transfers 31 or
more dogs or cats in a 12 month
period;
•A person engaged in the business of
breeding dogs or cats who owns or
harbors 4 or more dogs or cats,
intended for breeding, in a 12 month
period;
•A person whose dogs or cats
produce a total of 4 or more litters
within a 12-month period; or
•A person who knowingly sells,
exchanges, or leases dogs or cats for
later retail sale or brokered trading
YES
Nebraska Administrative Code.
Agriculture, Department of. Title 23:
Bureau of Animal Industry. Chapter 18
- Commercial Dog and Cat Operator
Inspection Regulations
NEVADA
1993

Nevada Revised Statutes,
CHAPTER 574 - CRUELTY TO
ANIMALS: PREVENTION AND
PENALTIES
DOGS, CATS
“Breeder” defined.  “Breeder” means a
dealer, operator or other person who
is responsible for the operation of a
commercial establishment engaged
in the business of breeding dogs or
cats for sale or trade. The term does
not include a person who breeds dogs
or cats as a hobby.
Commercial (cattery or kennel): 10 >6
mos, NOT including any s/n  
YES
Local jurisdictions shall enact
ordinances requiring each
breeder to obtain an annual
permit to act as a breeder.  
Statutory facilities, care, etc.  
Prohibited Acts.  
NEW HAMPSHIRE

Citation: NH ST § 466:1 -
466:54; 47:17; 207:11 -
207:13b; 210:18; 264:31;
436:99 - 436:109; 437:1 -
2437:2; 437-A:1 - 9; 508:18-a
DOGS




CATS  
New Hampshire – Statutory history to
2019.
Changes made by HB 4, Budget
Bill, signed by Governor Sununu,
September 26, 2019.

RSA 437:1, IV  "Pet vendor" means any
person, firm, corporation, or other
entity that transfers 25 or more dogs,
25 or more cats, 30 or more ferrets, or
50 or more birds, live animals or birds
customarily used as household pets
to the public, with or without a fee or
donation required, and whether or not
a physical facility is owned by the
licensee in New Hampshire, when
transfer to the final owner occurs
within New Hampshire, between July
1 and June 30 of each year. Pet vendor
also means any person, firm,
corporation, or other entity that
transfers amphibians, reptiles, fish, or
small mammals customarily used as
household pets to the public in
quantities set in rules
adopted by the department, with or
without a fee or donation required, and
whether or not a physical facility is
owned by the licensee in New
Hampshire between July 1 and June
30
of each year. Nothing in this paragraph
shall be construed to alter or affect the
municipal zoning regulations that a pet
vendor shall conform with under RSA
437:3.
437:7 Exceptions. The license
provisions of this subdivision shall not
apply to breeders of dogs that do not
meet the definition of pet vendor in
RSA 437:1, veterinarians, or the
transfer of livestock or poultry.
YES
Department of Agriculture,
Markets, and Food, Division of
Animal Industry

See
RSA 437 Applications,
1/14/19
Note, outdated RSA 437.1 on
website, see current statutes at
Laws and Rules     1/25/19

Commercial Kennel Application,
revised 2015  

Commercial Kennel Application
(2011)

(Chapter 437, Chapter 437. Sale
of Pets and Disposition of
Unclaimed Animals.  Sale of
Animals and Birds)
NEW JERSEY
New Jersey Code
TITLE 4 - AGRICULTURE AND
DOMESTIC ANIMALS
DOGS   
N.J.S.A. 4:19-15.8 (a), operators of
kennels, pet shops, shelters and
pounds (animal facilities) must apply
annually to the municipality for a
license, and each license issued shall
expire on June 30th of each year.  
Kennels are defined as, “any
establishment wherein or whereupon
the business of boarding or selling
dogs or breeding dogs for sale is
carried on, except for a pet shop.”
YES
Factors in municipal determination if
breeding kennel operation is a
business: regular and purposeful
breeding; routine sale of dogs or
puppies to the public; signs, websites,
and advertisements; having a
business name and tax identification
number; and separate kennel-type
housing for the dogs, as opposed to
pets living in the owner’s home.
Guidelines for Municipal Licensure of
Animal Facilities
NJ v Weitz - explanation of law
NEW YORK  
2001

Agriculture & Markets Law,
Article 26-A

2014  
Bill A00740A signed by
Governor 1/10/14
DOGS, CATS  
Any person who engages in the sale
or offers to sell more than nine (9)
dogs and/or cats per year to the public
or
Any person who engages in the sale
of more than twenty five (25) dogs
and/or cats, (born and raised on their
premise) per year to the public.

2014 - added Section
753-d to
General Business Law
Municipalities cannot restrict local
enforcement of Art 26-A
; but can enact
more restrictive laws
but not to
"essentially result  in the  banning  of  
all  sales  of dogs or cats raised and
maintained in a healthy and safe
manner" and penalty limited to civil
fine not more than $500.00.  
YES
New York State Department of
Agriculture & Markets


Pet Dealers - Comprehensive
Information


Shelter and Rescue Registration

Links Revised, 3/29/2020  


Pet Dealer Licensing Program
Guidelines, March 2013  
NORTH CAROLINA
1977

North Carolina General Statutes
Chapter 19A. Protection of
Animals.  Article 3. Animal
Welfare Act.
DOGS, CATS
"Dealer" means any person who sells,
exchanges, or donates, or offers to
sell, exchange, or donate animals to
another dealer, pet shop, or research
facility; provided, however, that an
individual who breeds and raises on
his own premises
no more than the
offspring of five canine or feline
females per year, unless bred and
raised specifically for research
purposes shall not be considered to
be a dealer for the purposes of this
Article.
YES
NC Animal Welfare Administrative
Code, SUBCHAPTER 52J ‑ ANIMAL
WELFARE SECTION
Currently no materials for Dealers.  
OHIO
2012

Sub. S. B. No. 130
DOGS
ONLY
"High volume breeder" means an
establishment that keeps, houses,
and maintains adult breeding dogs
that produce
at least nine litters of
puppies in any given
calendar year
and, in return for a fee or other
consideration,
sells sixty or more
adult dogs or puppies per calendar
year.
 "Breeding dog" means an
unneutered, unspayed dog that is
primarily harbored or housed on
property that is the dog's primary
residence
.

Statute includes a unique, specific
definition of
rescue and requires dog
rescues to
register, report information
on foster homes used.    
YES
Sec. 956.03. The director of agriculture
shall adopt rules in accordance with
Chapter 119. of the Revised Code
establishing all of the following: (A)
Requirements and procedures
governing high volume breeders,
including the licensing and inspection
of and record keeping by high volume
breeders, in addition to the
requirements and procedures
established in this chapter.  956.17
creates Commercial Dog Breeding
Advisory Board: State Vet + 6
designated, Gov appted
w/advise/Consent of Senate.  
OKLAHOMA
2010
Amended 2012

Oklahoma Statutes Annotated.
Title 4. Animals. Chapter 1A.
Commercial Pet Breeders Act of
2012

NOTE: the title later became the
Commercial Pet Breeders and
Animal Shelter Licensing Act
DOGS, CATS
“Commercial breeder” and
“commercial pet breeder” mean any
individual, entity, association, trust, or
corporation who possesses
eleven or
more intact female animals
for the
use of breeding or dealing in animals
for direct or indirect sale or for
exchange in return for consideration.

“Noncommercial breeder” means any
individual, entity, association, trust, or
corporation who possesses t
en or
fewer intact female animals
for the
use of breeding or dealing in animals
for direct or indirect sale or for
exchange in return for consideration;

"Adult animal:" intact female animal
twelve (12) months of age or older

"
Intact Female Animal" means a
female animal, nine (9) months of age
or older, and not spayed
YES:
COMMERCIAL PET
BREEDERS
State Board of Agriculture (previously,
the Act was under the authority of the
State Board of Veterinary Medical
Examiners, Board of Commercial Pet
Breeders, in Title 59.)
OREGON
2009
Effective 1/1/10

OR ST 167.310 - 390
DOGS
ONLY
Cap: No more than
50 dogs, >2yrs old
ORS 167.374(2)  A person may not
possess, control or otherwise have
charge of at the same time more than
50 sexually intact dogs that are two
years of age or older for the primary
purpose of reproduction. It is prima
facie evidence that a person
possesses dogs for the primary
purpose of reproduction if during a
12-month period the person sells,
offers for sale, barters or exchanges
more than three litters of dogs that are
less than eight months of age.
Specific requirements for rebuttal
Section (3.)
Rev 8/19
http://www.oregonlaws.org/ors/167.374
"Dog Breeders"  standards of care for
"A person that
possesses, controls or
otherwise has charge of at the same
time 10 or more sexually intact dogs
that are eight months of age or older

shall, in addition to providing
minimum care as defined in ORS
167.310"
http://www.oregonlaws.org/ors/167.376
NO
State Statute Only, violations are
Class B Misdemeanors
"a court shall suspend sentence
under this subsection for a
violation of subsection (2) of this
section if the person agrees to
have a sufficient number of dogs
spayed or neutered to remedy
the violation:
PENNSYLVANIA
1982

AMENDED 2008

Purdon's Pennsylvania Statutes
and Consolidated Statutes. Title
3. Agriculture. Chapter 8. Dogs.
Dog Law
Links added 3/6/2020
DOGS ONLY
Definitions  
"commercial kennel" is a kennel that
breeds or whelps dogs and; (1) sells
or transfers any dog to a dealer or pet
shop kennel; or (2) sells or transfers
more than 60 dogs per calendar year.
YES
Secretary of Agriculture via Dog
Wardens
§ 459-901. Enforcement of this act by
the secretary; provisions for
inspections c) Advisory board.--
]The secretary shall appoint a Dog
Law Advisory Board to advise the
secretary in the administration of this
act. The board shall consist of the
following, who shall either be a
resident of this Commonwealth or an
organization of this Commonwealth
Regulations (Chapter 21)
RHODE ISLAND

West's General Laws of Rhode
Island Annotated.
Title 4.
Animals and Animal Husbandry.

CHAPTER 4-19. Animal Care







Revised 2/27/17
DOGS, CATS
“Dealer” means any person who sells,
exchanges, or donates, or offers to
sell, exchange, or donate animals to
another dealer, pet shop, or research
facility, or who breeds dogs and/or
cats for the purpose of selling or
donating to another dealer or pet
shop, or research facilit
y.  (AWA
model)
“Breeder” means a person engaged in
the propagation of purebred dogs
and/or cats for the purpose of
improving and enhancing a breed
recognized and registered by the
American kennel club, American field
stud book, or a registered cat breed
association.  
“Hobby breeder” those
persons whose regular occupation is
not the breeding and raising of dogs
and cats and whose method of sale is
at retail only. A hobby breeder
shall not
exceed the limits set forth in § 4-25-1
(4)
.  Any person who sells at retail a
number in excess of the limits in the
aforementioned section shall be
considered a pet shop.
§ 4-19-2 (23)
"Pet shop" means a temporary or
permanent establishment where
animals are bought, sold, exchanged,
or offered for sale or exchange to the
general public at retail.
This shall not
include an establishment or person
whose total sales are the offspring of
canine or feline females maintained
on their premises and sold from
those premises and does not exceed
the limits set forth in § 4-25-1(4).
YES
No person shall be a dealer, as
defined in this chapter, after the first
day of the fiscal year unless a license
to deal has been granted by the
director to that person.

Administered by Department of
Environmental Management
Rulemaking authority and authority to
adopt AWA standards

(Note: dogs-only warranty statute, no
care provisions:
“Seller” means any person, business
or other entity engaging in the sale of
dogs, except that this definition does
not encompass the sale of dogs on
the premises of and by a public
shelter, pound or other entity operating
as a nonprofit organization pursuant to
Rhode Island law. § 4-25-1(4)
Persons selling fewer than twenty (20)
dogs or three (3) litters, whichever is
greater, in a single calendar year shall
be exempt from the provisions of this
chapter.
SOUTH DAKOTA
2006 HB 1181
South Dakota Statutes Chapter
40-1-41

2017 HB 1159, repeals
§ 40-1-41, effective 7/1/17





Revised 8/10/17
DOGS, CATS
Inspection of commercial breeding
operation for dogs and cats
.
Repealed by 2017 HB 1159:  
A
veterinarian licensed in the State of
South Dakota shall be in attendance
during any portion of an investigation
of a commercial breeding operation
that is conducted on the premises of
the commercial breeding operation.
For purposes of this section the term,
commercial breeding operation,
means
any person engaged in the
business of breeding dogs or cats
who sells, exchanges, or leases
dogs or cats in return for
consideration or who offers to do so
,
whether or not the dogs or cats are
bred, raised, trained, groomed, or
boarded by the person. Any person
who
owns or harbors three or fewer
unaltered dogs or cats for breeding
purposes that are at least six
months of age is not
a commercial
breeding operation. Any person who

sells, exchanges, or leases thirty or
fewer dogs or cats in a twelve-month
period is not a commercial breeding
operation if all such dogs or cats are
sold, exchanged, or leased to a final
owner
rather than for later retail sale
or brokered trading. Any person

knowingly selling, exchanging, or
leasing any dogs or cats for later
retail sale or for brokered trading is a
commercial breeding operation.
NO
 
TENNESSEE
2009
SUNSET PROVISION  
6/30/2014
TN ST § 44-17-701 - 715, T. C.
A. § 44-17-701 - 715
Commercial Breeder Act

HB 2285/SB2468: As introduced,
deletes the provision that
terminates the Commercial Breeder
Act on June 30, 2014. - Amends
Chapter 591 of the Public Acts of
200.  These bills have failed.  
Fiscal
Note
DOGS, CATS  
“Commercial breeder” means any
person who possesses or maintains,
under the person’s immediate control,
t
wenty (20) or more unsterilized adult
female dogs or cats in this state
for
the
purpose of selling the offspring
as companion animals
YES
TN ADC 1200-33-01-.01 - .09
Commercial Breeders
Regulations, statute expired.
Comparison of Actual and Estimated Fiscal
Note Impacts Presentation to Fiscal Review
Committee 9/18/12  
Entire Report  
See pages 8-10

NOTE:  Tennessee Statutes, Title 44,
Animals And Animal Husbandry   
Chapter 17  Dogs and Cats . Part 1  
Dog and Cat Dealers covers narrow
definitions of "Dealers who must be
annually licensed and subject to
regulations.  These involve only buys,
sells, transports or delivers to
research; buys or sells twenty-five (25)
or more dogs or cats in any one (1)
calendar year for resale; or buys or
sells at flea markets.  
TEXAS
2011

Occupations Code, Title 4.
Professions Related to Animals
Chapter 802
DOGS, CATS
"Dog or cat breeder" means a person
who possesses 11 or more adult
intact female animals and is engaged
in the business of breeding those
animals for direct or indirect sale or for
exchange in return for consideration
and who sells or exchanges, or offers
to sell or exchange, not fewer than 20
animals in a calendar year.  
YES
Administered by Texas Department of
Licensing and Regulation
Care, conditions, more.  
Category is "Licensed Breeders"
VERMONT
1989

20 V.S.A. § 3511 - 3513; 3541 -
3817, 3901 - 3915, 4301 -
4304; 10 V.S.A.§ 5001 - 5007, §
4748


2013 Act No. 30 An act relating
to the sale, transfer, or
importation of pets.

Effective July 1, 2013
DOGS, CATS & MORE

When applicable:
"animals" or for kennel
permit: domestic pets
or wolf hybrids 4
months or older kept
for breeding purposes
Amendment details, effective 7/1/13:
“Pet dealer” means any person who
sells or exchanges or who
offers to
sell or exchange
cats, dogs, or wolf-
hybrids, or any combination thereof,
from
three or more litters of cats,
dogs, or wolf-hybrids
in any 12-month
period.
This definition shall not apply
to pet shops, animal shelters, or
rescue organizations as those terms
are defined in section 3901 of this
title.  
Pet Dealer applies to the municipal
clerk in local jurisdiction where
covered animals are kept for a
Pet
Dealer Permit;
 $25; shall allow
inspections (scheduled in advance) of
the pet dealer’s premises pursuant to
section 3682 of this title as a condition
of receiving and retaining the permit;
expires March 31; on residential
premises, inspection limited to animal
care areas; photo/video only on written
consent of permit holder

PREVIOUS PROVISIONS,
SUPERSEDED BY ABOVE:
"Pet dealer" means any person, firm,
partnership or corporation, or a
representative or agent, who engages
in the
sale of more than one litter of
animals per year or two or more
animals over six months of age to

consumers for monetary
consideration.
Breeders of animals
who sell animals to the public are
included
in this definition; except that
duly incorporated humane societies or
animal shelters which make animals
available for adoption are exempt.  
Kennel Permit required:
owner or keeper of two or more
domestic pets or wolf-hybrids four
months of age or older kept for sale
or for breeding purposes, except for
his or her own use
, shall apply to the
municipal clerk of the town or city in
which the domestic pets or wolf-
hybrids are kept for a kennel permit
YES
Local administration of kennel
permits, subject to Vermont
Administrative Code. Title 2.
Department of Agriculture. Subtitle 4.
Division of Food Safety and Consumer
Protection. Animal Health Section.
Rule 300. Animal Welfare
Regulations, including Part 3.
Standards Subpart A. Specifications
for Handling, Care, Treatment, and
Transportation of Dogs and Cats.
VIRGINIA  
2008
Effective 1/1/09

VA ST § 3.2-5900 - 6590; §
29.1-516.1
DOGS ONLY
CAP:
No more than 50, >
1 yr for breeding
purposes
“Commercial dog breeder” means any
person who, during any
12-month
period, maintains 30 or more adult
female dogs for the primary purpose

of the sale of their offspring as
companion animals.
Maintain no more than 50 dogs over
the age of one year at any time for
breeding purposes. However, a higher
number of dogs may be allowed if
approved by local ordinance after a
public hearing. Any such ordinance
may include additional requirements
for commercial breeding operations
State Vet or local animal control
inspects.  
YES
LOCAL - § 3.2-6507.1. Business
license required
No commercial dog breeder shall
breed dogs in the Commonwealth
without a valid business license
issued by any locality, as applicable,
where he maintains dogs for the
purpose of commercial dog breeding.

Violation of state statute, Class 1
Misdemeanor
Inspection & duty to assist inspector
any time during daylight hours.
WASHINGTON
2009
Effective 1/1/10

WA ST 16.52.010 - 320
DOGS
ONLY

CAP: No more than
50 intact, > 6 mos.  
"Any person who owns, possesses,
controls, or otherwise has charge or
custody of
more than ten dogs with
intact sexual organs over the age of
six months and keeps the dogs in an
enclosure for the majority of the day

must at a minimum..." meet
requirements and standards.
NO
State statute only, violations are
gross misdemeanors
WEST VIRGINIA
2013
Effective 7/13/13
SB 437 completed 4/12/13,
signed by Governor, 5/3/13

Code of West Virginia
adds new §19-20-26
Commercial dog-breeding
operations.
DOGS ONLY
"Commercial dog breeder" maintains
eleven or more unsterilized dogs over
the age of one year for the exclusive
purpose of actively breeding and  is
engaged in the business of breeding
dogs as household pets for direct or
indirect sale or for exchange in return
for consideration; and shall not
include:
(i) Any person who keeps or breeds
dogs exclusively for the purpose of
herding or guarding livestock or farm
animals, hunting, tracking or exhibiting
in dog shows, performance events or
field and obedience trials; and
(ii) With respect to greyhound dogs
only, any person who holds an
occupational permit from, and has
registered a greyhound kennel name
with, the West Virginia Racing
Commission.
Class 1 - 11-30 unsterilized dogs > 1
yr old
Class 2 - over 30 unsterilized dogs > 1
yr old
Yes
LOCAL
Specified
local business
cert.; business license
and local annual
permit to operate
Local license fees limited by statute:
Class 1, not > $250
Class 2, not > $500
Statute includes care, conditions and
facilities requirements.  
Violations are misdemeanors, fine not
over $1,000.  Judicial discretion:
"improvement" period up to 1 yr,
possible dismissal of charges.  
WISCONSIN
2009

2009 Act 90, § 3, eff. Dec. 16,
2009
DOGS ONLY
c) "Dog breeder" means a person who
sells 25 or more dogs in a year that
the person has bred and raised,
except that "dog breeder" does not
include a person who sells 25 or more
dogs in a year that the person has
bred and raised if all of those dogs are
from no more than 3 litters.

(d) "Dog breeding facility" means a
place at which dogs are bred and
raised and from which 25 or more
dogs are sold in a year, except that
"dog breeding facility" does not include
a place at which dogs are bred and
raised and from which 25 or more
dogs are sold in a year if all of the
dogs that are sold in a year are from
no more than 3 litters.
YES
Department of Agriculture, Trade
and Consumer Protection.
.